AT 1988 Equipment List

Here is what I took on my 1988 hike from Springer Mountain GA to Harpers Ferry WV.

1988 AT Equipment

. Category Item Notes Weight in oz
. worn/carried
. t-shirt medium weight cotton, sleeves removed 7.2
. running shorts synthetic, Nike 4.3
. hiking boots Danner leather/cordura/Gore-Tex 50.0
. hiking socks wool 3.2
. wrist watch Timex cheap 1.0
. compass Silva 1.0
. hiking stick shovel handle found on trail 17.0
. Total 83.7
. Total weight carried 5.2 lbs
. pack external frame pack Jansport 80.0
. pack cover nylon water repellent 2.0
. Cook/water water bottle 1 liter wide mouth 6.5
. camp water container gallon milk jug 2.0
. wash bowl bottom of milk jug 1.0
. cook stove Scorpion Model 1 w/stuff sack 8.2
. fuel propane cartridge small 10.6
. mini butane lighter 0.3
. cook pot Al 3cup pot from Coleman cook set with heat-shrink tubing added to handle 3.5
. spoon lexan 0.2
. iodine tablets Potable Aqua 1.0
. oil liquid margarine in squeeze tube 4.2
. potato flakes for thickening dinners if needed 0.3
. food bag nylon stuff sack 3.0
. Shelter bivy sack Goretex, infrequently used 16.5
. Sleeping down bag North Face with stuff sack 40.0
. sleeping pad Ridge-rest 3/4 length 8.5
. Clothes camp shirt button-up short sleeve green 8.5
. camp sweat-pants fleece Russell 16.2
. rain coat Gore-tex Campmor blue with hood 15.5
. cap useful during rain or with headnet 3.0
. spare socks wool 3.2
. clothes bag garbage bag 1.0
. Misc
. no-see-um head net from Campmor 0.6
. snake bite kit Sawyer Extractor 4.0
. first aid kit band-aids, mole foam, aspirin, sudafed in band-aid tin 1.1
. sewing kit 0.7
. toothbrush/toothpaste paste stores in handle 1.7
. soap Dr Bonner liquid 2.5
. toiletries comb, razor, deoderant, floss 2.4
. bandana purple 0.7
. spare mini butane lighter 0.3
. knife stainless keychain pen knife 0.7
. wallet with id 3.4
. camera Olympus Infinity 10.1
. repair kit 1.4
. guide Appalachian Trail Data Book + itinerary 2.2
. journal Daytimer Jr size 1.0
. pen retractable flat mini ballpoint 0.3
. flashlight Duracell 2AA battery small 2.5
. insect repellent 2 oz bottle DEET 2.8
. razor disposable plastic 0.2
. cord 50 feet for hanging food bag 0.8
. scat shovel plastic orange 1.8
. toilet paper in zip bag partial roll, remove cardboard tube 1.4
. Total 277.8
. Total base pack weight 17.4 lbs

Total weight with five days of food and one liter of water was about 30 pounds. That was pretty typical of max pack weights that summer for thru-hikers, and possibly on the low side. My 2012 attempt to complete The Trail will use ultralight techniques, and so will be very different. More about that in later posts.

AT 1988 equipment assembled

Protein Carbohydrate Goulash

In 1986-ish, while a grad student at Georgia Tech, I happened to take a class in backpacking presented for Outdoor Recreation Georgia Tech (ORGT) by Miller Templeton, who had recently thru-hiked the Appalachian Trail. The instructor had a lot of useful advice about the Trail, and I was eventually inspired to attempt my own thru-hike (though I did not manage to complete the Trail… yet).

One particularly handy bit of knowledge was the no-cleanup backpacking dinner system ORGT called “PCG III”, where PCG stands for “Protein Carbohydrate Goulash”. Rather than compile a whole stack of individual recipes for backpacking meals, as presented by some books on trail menus, PCG III is a “one from column A, one from column B, etc” method that produces a potentially large variety of different meals without having to repeat a recipe once on an entire thru-hike. PCG isn’t the only such backpacking meal system– but in my judgement these combinatorial recipe systems could be more widely known on the Net.

This system uses inexpensive ingredients commonly found in the grocery store, so packaging several weeks of food won’t require a bank loan like commercial backpacking meals. PCG also has a very long shelf-life, which is important for long distance hikers like myself that prefer to package up all meals ahead of time have them mailed to myself along the trail, instead of stopping every few days to purchase and assemble meals from nearby grocery stores. Assuming I was going to complete the entire trail, I had twenty boxes packed ready to mail to post offices on or near the Trail, and I know from personal experience that PCG has a shelf life of three months and likely much longer.

I don’t see PCG III on the ORGT web site, so I present my para-phrasing borrowed from class notes, while giving full credit for the original ideas to the Georgia Tech student group.

Select one item in each group:

1 ounce instant chicken TVP and 1/2 teaspoon instant chicken bouillon
1 ounce instant ham TVP (note 1) and 1/2 teaspoon instant chicken bouillon
small (3 ounce or less) can or foil packet of tuna, boned chicken, chunk ham, sardines, etc (note 2)
2 ounce packaged low-moisture shelf-stable meat such as jerky, small packet of pepperoni slices, or beef stick

1/2 teaspoon onion powder plus 1/4 teaspoon seasoned pepper plus 1/4 cup skim milk powder

1 package instant gravy mix, such as mushroom, herb, beef, …
1 envelope instant cup-of-soup mix, such as beef broth, onion, tomato, cream of mushroom

1 cup minute rice
1 package ramen noodles (broken into small pieces, easier to spoon)
2 ounces (1 cup) instant potato flakes
1 cup croutons or bread crumbs from stuffing mix
2 packages instant grits (My class was in Georgia, after all.)
2 packages instant cream of wheat
(2 ounces of any other carbohydrate that will cook or rehydrate in 5 minutes: couscous, thin rice noodles, etc)

GROUP E (optional)
2 tablespoons cheese sauce mix
1-2 ounces of sour cream sauce mix (salty, omit salt from other ingredients if used)
2 tablespoons grated Parmesan cheese

GROUP F (optional)
dashes of spices to taste: oregano, basil, thyme, curry powder, etc.

You may simply package everything up into a 1 quart zip bag, but I was taught the following technique: Take a 1 quart freezer zip bag and cut off the zip. A regular zip bag is too thin and won’t work well with boiling water. Cut a 3inch by 4inch rectangle of corrugated cardboard. Push side seams and bottom seams together to form triangles as shown in the photo.

Form triangles

Bend a corner over the cardboard and tape.

Tape corner to cardboard

Do the same to the other corner and tape.

Tape other corner

You should have a bag that will stand up by itself. The cardboard bottom acts as a thermal insulator to make the meal easier to hold in one hand.

Square-bottomed container

Place the ingredients inside and secure with a twist-tie.

PCG packaged
PCG packaged

Along with your packaged meals, you will keep handy:

  • a small packet of instant potato flakes to add in case you accidentally put in too much water.
  • A small plastic container of squeeze margarine (or clarified butter or olive oil), for adding fat calories needed by long-distance hikers.

Boil 1 1/4 cup of water, pour into bag, stir gently until mixture is uniform. Add more water if needed, or add a little instant mashed potatoes if too watery. Seal bag with twist tie, allow to re-hydrate for 5 minutes. Add a squirt of squeeze margarine (or clarified butter or olive oil). Stir and enjoy.

When finished, seal bag with twist-tie, now ready to pack out. Nothing to clean except your spoon.

As an example, if you want to make a spaghetti meal, then choose ramen+pepperoni slices+tomato soup mix+dash of Italian seasoning+grated Parmesan cheese+group b.

1) Ham TVP is marketed as imitation bacon bits for a salad topping. Pretty convincing as ham when rehydrated.
2) If using a can or foil packet of meat, try for packed in oil instead of packed in water. You want the extra calories. Leave the meat in the original container until ready to cook. Add to the goulash after rehydrating, not before.

I rarely used grits or cream of wheat. Rice was a favorite. Stuffing was also pretty good. Items with more moisture, such a small can of tuna, were used early after a mail drop to shed pack weight faster. If using now, I might try my own dehydrated soup instead of instant soup mixes, and add some dehydrated peas, peppers, or dehydrated cooked beans/lentils. Or I might reduce the GroupD portion and replace with dehydrated cooked beans or lentils. Will experiment with those in a later post. Might also try dehydrating my own cooked rice, so I could try wild rice, pink rice, brown rice, or (yum!) basmati.

Hello, world!

In 1988 I attempted a thru-hike of the Appalachian Trail, starting in Georgia but eventually stopped mid-way at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

Then more life happened. Moved to New Mexico, married the love of my life, found a cool job, got kids, started a business, and eventually sent kids off to college.

Now in summer of 2012, I am attempting to complete The Trail. This blog tracks my preparation and progress.

And afterwards, the Continental Divide Trail looks mighty intriguing.